Looking for LUCA – step 7

For Willy the source of life was bacteria with celestial origins. He came to this conclusion as bacterial spores are very resistant to high and low temperatures.  So bacteria could come from space and “ignite” an  evolution  of living organisms on Earth.

  • I have not found info so far that  bacteria came from space
  • but it is known that earth has been showered with complex molecules, like amino acids a and nucleotides landing with e.g. Carbonaceous Chondrite meteors.
  • We know that bacteria could survive the first anaerobic, poisonous and hot earth period. (ed. read below about Looki) We also know that bacteria have an important key role in the development of cells.
    I will share with tyou what I have come to know during my searches.

Content

building blocks from Space

“The idea that primitive life on Earth may have been seeded by a comet or asteroid impact is controversial. Since it was suggested more than 40 years ago, however, increasingly complex organic molecules have been discovered in space. ” (Source: http://physicsworld.com/cws/article/news/2003/aug/11/amino-acid-detected-in-space   )

“For the first time, we have three lines of evidence that together give us confidence these DNA building blocks actually were created in space.” (Source: https://www.nasa.gov/topics/solarsystem/features/dna-meteorites.html   )

Bacteria spore Low earth orbit (LEO) tests

Sveral bacteria (bacillus subtilis, Bacillus thuringiensis, Deinococcus geothermalis, Escherichia coli, Micrococcus luteus and more   have been tested in outer space as can be seen in this (wiki) infogalactic list:

AKINETES – an example
“Akinetes are resting-state cells of cyanobacteria that are produced by certain genera of heterocystous cyanobacteria to survive extreme environmental conditions.”

AKINETES SURVIVAL
“A proportion of the akinete population was able to survive a period of 10 days in LEO (ED. low Earth Orbit) and 28 days in Mars simulated conditions, when the rocks were not subjected to UV radiation. ” (Source:  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11084-009-9167-4  )

What did Darwin think?

“Probably all the organic beings which have ever lived on this Earth have descended from some primordial form, into which life was first breathed,”
(Source: in the origin of species page 484, Darwin)

“But that primordial form lived and died 4 billion years ago. Its traits — where it lived, what it ate, how it survived the brutal conditions on early Earth — are obscured by time and a scant fossil record.” (Source : https://www.washingtonpost.com )

Looking for LUCA,  our  Last Universal Common Ancestor

Newly discovered ‘missing link’ shows how humans could evolve from single-celled organisms https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2015/05/06/newly-discovered-missing-link-called-loki-ties-us-to-our-single-celled-ancestors/?tid=a_inl&utm_term=.b8561c22fbe2

How humans could evolve from single-celled organisms

Newly discovered ‘missing link’ shows how humans could evolve from single-celled organisms

Endosymbiosis – The prevailing theory
the prevailing theory is endosymbiosis, that complex life emerged vis a vis a symbiotic relationship between an archaea organism and a bacterial organism. This is how it can have occured.

“many components that underpin eukaryote-specific features (ed. cell nucleus) were already present in that ancestor.” (Source: https://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v521/n7551/full/nature14447.html )

Step 1. The procaryote ancestor cell (without cell nucleus) developed first a membrane protecting the DNA,   a cell nucleus. However “The origin of the eukaryotic cell remains one of the most contentious puzzles in modern biology. ”

Step 2. An archaea eucaryote cell (ed. a looki ancestor) engulfed a bacteria. And the engulfed bacteria came to work as and be  a mitochondrion taking care of the mother cells sugar methabolism.  When the mother  cell then duplicates, also the mithocondria with its RNA (bacteria DNA) duplicates.  Remind that  the mithocondria RNA is inherited only from female to female.

Below is an image that illustrates the two steps in the endosymbiosis.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2015/05/06/newly-discovered-missing-link-called-loki-ties-us-to-our-single-celled-ancestors/?tid=a_inl&utm_term=.58e17de30760

(Source:   https://girlmeetsbiochemistry.wordpress.com/2013/04/06/endosymbiotic-theory/   )

 

Looki (Lokiarchaeota) was found near a hydrothermal vent field along the Arctic Mid-Ocean Ridge a mile and a half below the surface

Source: www.washingtonpost.com  )

 

 

 

Published in: on October 20, 2017 at 11:38 pm  Leave a Comment  

Comets and meteorites – step 6

After having talked about the sun and different planets in our planetary system, Willy continues his book in page 93, talking about comets  and meteors. He call them in German Weltsplittern, remains of destroyed worlds. A proof for this was according to him a comet, that fell 1885 August 10 in the village of Grazac. When a part of it was heated they experienced a bituminous odor that Willy  said has organic origins. That meteor could only come from a planet with vegetation.  I have understood that the Grazac meteorite may have been a carbonaceous chondrite. About these meteorites “its most notable components are amino acids and nucleic acids, both of which are fundamental to life on Earth. Similar organic matter would have been raining down on the early Earth in comets, meteorites, and micrometeorites, but at present it is not known if this influx from space played any role in the evolution of life.” ( Source:   https://www.britannica.com/topic/carbonaceous-chondrite  )

Meteors containing iron have for him either “volcanic” or “cosmic origin”. He tells about different meteors: I have found  observations of some of them, documented on internet. See eg the Madrid meteor i write about below. He tells about meteor velocities in space, about their entrance in the atmosphere and how their velocity is diminished by 1/30. He also explain why remains meteors remains are more easily found in snow and ice covered  regions in the north like in Luleå and Greenland. Talking about were iron in meteors comes from, he also talk about the earth crust thickness, being between 50 and 60 km deep.

What are meteorites and comets

Before we continue it is important to make a clear distinction between the terms “meteorites” and “comets”

Comets

“Comets are small celestial bodies that appear in the night sky as a ball inside a long, thin envelope of visible light. They are composed of water, frozen gasses and dust not incorporated into larger heavenly bodies at the dawn of the universe.” ( Source: osr.org )

http://www.sun.org/encyclopedia/asteroids-meteoroids-meteors-meteorites-comets

contains a nice vocabulary of frequently used terms.

Comet: “A smaller celestial body mainly composed of ice and dust. If a comet approaches the Sun it can generate a tail of gas and/or dust.”
Meteorite: “The part of a meteoroid or asteroid that survives the passage through our atmosphere and reaches the Earth’s surface.”

So a meteorite is simply either a meteoroid (Similar to an asteroid, but significantly smaller. Mostly debris of comets, sometimes debris of asteroids.) or a asteroid that has reached the Earth surface. (source: “www.sun.org” ) Willy clearly and correctly explain the nature of comets (as carrying stones and ice with vapors in their tales) he  does however not explain the term meteorite, probably as they did not know about this at his time. He just discusses the origin of the meteorites as being either cosmic, volcanic or planetary with biospheres carrying organic material. He mentions iron meteorites.

“Made of nearly solid nickel iron the Iron Meteorites are a smaller and rarer group of meteorites then the stone group.” (Source :  www.meteorite.com )

Meteors

“Meteors are what are typically known as “shooting stars.” They appear as a visible streak of light created when a larger body of miscellaneous space debris, properly known as a meteoroid, enters the atmosphere of the Earth. Meteoroids vary in size, but the great majority of meteoroids that pass through the atmosphere each year are no larger than a pebble.” ( Source: osr.org )

iron meteorites Handbook

Source: http://evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/handle/10524/33750

https://i0.wp.com/www.meteorite.com/wp-content/gallery/iron-meteorites/cdindivid.jpg

cd-sculptured

An iron meteor has been found on mars. The largest known iron meteor landed  80000 years ago in Hoba in Africa probably with slow speed as there was no crater around it. Its weight was 66 tons and it was  nine feet long by nine feet wide by three feet thick. It is composed of about 84% iron, 16% nickel, and trace amounts of cobalt and other metals. (Source:   ttp://geology.com/records/largest-meteorite ) These metals were created at supernova. So the origin of Willys iron meteors may all have supernova origins. The age of the meteors are studied analyzing the atomic decays of among other radioactive atoms in the specimens.

Hoba Meteorite - world's largest
Source :  www.meteorite.com )

You can buy iron meteorites at http://www.sun.org/meteoriteshop

Meteor craters

A 545.7 m diameter meteor created the Arizona meteor crater 20 000 years ago.

Meteor Crater Panorama

Source: https://www.meteorite.com/meteor-crater/


Rsources:

 

The Tanguska event 1908 happened after Willys publication of his book. I think however it is very interesting even though we do not know the origin of this event.

 

1885 August 10 Grazac
recorded as a pseudometeorite

Willys talked about the event in Grazac 1885. We know today that it was  “An object that has been claimed to be a meteorite, but which is nonmeteoritic in origin.”.

(Source:  https://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbullclass.php?sea=Pseudometeorite  )

Sveral meteorites like the one in Grazaccontain organic materials. See
“the complex structure of the organic materials present in carbonaceous chondrites, such as the Tagish Lakemeteorite.” https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive.
Wthout knowing about it, mentioning the Grazac meteor organic discovery, Willy was touching one of the keys of the origin and evolution of life. His hypothesis was that tmeperature resistant bacteria spores brought life to Earth. I will be back on this in my next post.

The Madrid meteor

friend of mine living in Catalonia did not know about this event. This even Willy told about in his book, is  documented in spectator.

“But it is not every day that a fireball is so considerate as to choose a great city for the scene of its dramatic entrance and exit.”.

rad more in archive.spectator.co.uk

“Report on the bolide that exploded over Madrid on the 10th of February 1896”

https://www.netweather.tv/forum/topic/48310-the-madrid-meteorite-of-1896/

As I am afraid this document may disappear from internet I copied the Text  from the site above as is

“On Monday, February 10th, at 9h 29m 30s, there was observed an instantaneous bluish-white illumination in the atmosphere, so strong and vivid as to be visible in the inner rooms and in the open air.

The day was a magnificent one; blue sky, no wind and a radiant sun. Soon after there was plainly visible near the zenith and some few degrees to the SE, a white spot, like smoke, bearing NE to SW of about 6 degrees in length and 1 degree in width; its form was semicircular with the convexity turned to the east. In the center and near the apex of the curve, it presented a condensation of a reddish color, similar to that of clouds at sunset. The general appearance of the spot was that of a cirro-cumulus.

At 9.30am 40s there was heard a deep and very strong detonation, accompanied by many others not so intense, similar to the noise produced by a large cannonball rolling along the upper story of a house. This noise was very prolonged; it was found to last two minutes.

Meanwhile the vibration of windows and partitions (not the thick walls) was extraordinary and the rattling of panes of glass alarming. In some houses all the window-panes were broken.

Judging from the time which elapsed between the light and the sound of the first detonation, the meteor exploded in the air at a distance not less than 24km (15 miles) and this number is evidently too low.

Considering the aspect of the spot of smoke, it seems probable that the meteor proceeded from the SE towards the NW and near the zenith of Madrid it exploded.

Changed into smoke and dust, totally or partially, this smoke was carried away the upper currents of the atmosphere to the east. We find here a splendid confirmation of the theory which supposes that at the upper limits of the air, the wind moves from west to east.

The cloud continued its course to the ENE, dissolving gradually away and at 3pm it was still perfectly visible like a light cirrus in the east some 20 degrees above the horizon.

The compression of the atmosphere at the instant of the conflagration was indicated by the registering barometers. In the aneroids, the trace is small but the mercurial one shows that the column rose 1.6mm and lowered 0.7mm, the amplitude of the total oscillation being 2.3mm

In the neighborhood of Madrid, some fragments of the meteorite fell and I have obtained one of them. Externally the fragment is of a black metallic aspect; inside it is of white stony appearance, with some brilliant points like nickel; it weighs 6.3mm grams.

From information received later; it appears that the phenomenon was visible in a large part of the Peninsula from Sierra de Estrella (Portugal) on the Mediterranean coast and from Segovia to Aguilas or a distance of 700kms from E to W and 400kms from N to S.

Augusto Arcimis, Director of the Observatory.

Posted July 4, 2008

Source: https://www.netweather.tv/forum/topic/48310-the-madrid-meteorite-of-1896/

 

Published in: on October 19, 2017 at 9:43 pm  Leave a Comment  

Earth and life ingredients – step 5

WHERE DOES EARTH AND LIFE INGREDIENTS COME FROM?

iIt is time for step 5 about the origins of earth and life ingredients. You will read about atoms and where they were created and are found today.

Willy Kinberg started his discussion about the creation of the world’s out of his last supernova and nebula observation in February 1901. He was on the correct track. I wrote about his theory in another post (click here to read about it.). We know today that Earth and all its ecosystem with its billion years evolution would have not have been occured without a massive star Supernova in this planet system neighborhood. So the stars Willy and the astronomer of his time saw had indeed to do with the “creation of the worlds” and the life on it.

Willy  talks about how the planets and organisms were formed in his book but I will come back to this later. I will in this post only talk about the origin of the atoms and were these are found.

Content

Earth most abundant atoms

The most abundant element in the earth’s crust is oxygen, making up 46.6% of the earth’s mass. Silicon is the second most abundant element (27.7%), followed by aluminum (8.1%), iron (5.0%), calcium (3.6%), sodium (2.8%), potassium (2.6%). and magnesium (2.1%). ”
Read more in  What Is the Most Abundant Element? – Most Abundant Element in the Universe, Earth, and Body” in www.thoughtco.com

The ingredience of life

Body and plants  needs  a lot of different kind of atoms to build Chlorophyll, DNA, enzyme, proteins, fat, etc. These atoms are created in different parts of the Universe. Scroll down to Nucelosynthesis  to read more about this.

Read more in “What are the Ingredients of Life?”

Enzyme atoms

The supernova enzymes. Selenoenzymes like selenocysteine and selenomethionine  contain Selen created during a Supernova nucleosynthesis.(Source: http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/minerals/selenium )

Image result for selenocysteine

Selenocysteine
Image result for selenomethionineSelenomethionine

Some enzymes contain  Magnesium (Mg).
Read more in 
ods.od.nih.gov

Some enzymes need Zink (Zn), Read more in http://jn.nutrition.org/content/130/5/1437S.full

Related image

DNA-atoms

DNA require  Carbon (C), Oxygen (O), Phosphor (P) 

Related image

Related image

Clorophyll atoms

Chlorophyll in plants produce Oxygen molecules (O2) Chlorophyll needs Magnesium (Mg). REad more inwww.quora.comImage result for enzyme with magnesium

Some bacteria can live with Arsenic (As) instead of phosphorus (P) (Source: www.space.com   )

Nucleosynthesis

All the atoms are ordered in a Periodic system (Click on the image to get a full size view ).

If you want to get info about all the atoms go www.rsc.org and click on the atom you want to read about,
check eg “ Uses and properties -> Biological role”.

Periodic Table

Where and when are the atoms created?

Atoms have been built from the very start of Big Bang (Big bang nucleosynthesis). other heavier atoms, up to Iron are built in stars (stellar nucleosynthesis) and the heaviest in Supernova (Supernova nucleosynthesis) Look at this periodic table with info about the origins of the atoms.

Related image

  • As you can understand shortly after (3 min-20 min after ) Big Bang (Big Bang nucleosynthesis) we got
    • hydrogen (H)
    • helium (He) atoms
  • In small stars as our  sun(stellar nucleosynthesis) we get  heavier atoms like
    • Nitrogen (N),
    • Oxygen (O),
    • neon (Ne) .
    • iron (Fe).
  • In large stars (stellar nucleosynthesis) we get:
    • Magnesium (Mg) needed in many enzymes
    • Zink (Zn) needed in many enzymes
    • Potassium (P) needed in DNA
  • Some atoms are created  in Supernovas (Supernova nucleosynthesis), that is  when superstars (8+ times the size of our sun) collapse:
    • brom (Br)
    • Gold (Au)m,
    • Selenium (Se found in selenoenzymes)
    • Silver (Ag),
    • Plutonium (Pt)

This image shows how atom nuclei collide forming bigger nuclei.

Latest supernova discoveries

Willy saw a “new star” in february 1901. We know today it was a supernova. We know also that there are two  types of supernovae.


Image source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=7&v=o-Y0clHDSqU

 Our sun is to small and will end up as a red giant and eventually teminate a a white dwarf. If there is  a companion star nearby ( maybe the Jupiter gas planet surviving the red giant phase and igniting?) a type 1a Supernova will appear.

A star that is a t least 8 time bigger than our sun terminates as a red supergiant and collapses creating a supernova type II.

As it was a recurrent observation, today we know Willy probably saw a type Ia supernova.

Supernova type II 3D simulation

We have news about type II supernova from Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics.

Supernova studies are complicated because of disturbing signals  in the Universe. The only way to come closer is making computer calculations/simulations with powerful computers based on observations and known physical mathematics. These calculations have been made at Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics in Germany and 2010 came the first results of a 3D modeling simulation.

They seem to have based their calculation out of detailed observations of SN 1987A a type II supernova in the Tarantula Nebula in the Large Magellanic Cloud, our neighbouring galaxy, about 170,000 light years away. SN1987A was seen  about twenty years ago.

Aas you can see in the photos below, huge amounts of carbon (green), oxygen (red), and radioactive nickel (blue) were expelled from the studied collapsing star, a progenitor star 10+ times bigger than our sun. (We know that our star wont end up as a supernova but as a red giant. See more about this in the video below)

Death of a star in three dimensions

“Nickel bullets were observed to propagate at velocities of thousands of kilometres per second, much faster than the surrounding hydrogen and much faster than predicted by simple hydrodynamic calculations in one dimension (1D)” read more in https://phys.org/news/2010-05-death-star-3d.html

“n particular, a detailed model that reproduces all observational features of SN 1987A still remains a challenge.”

A more advanced lecture telling about the difference between type 1a supernova observed by Willy and a type  II supernova is well explained in this video with Yong-Zhong Qian.. To understand how stars are building up big atom nuclei with many neutrons with Helium nuclei protons, you should be familiar with neutrinos.

You will also learn more details about SN1987A with Yong in his video.

Related image

Some good informative films in youtube

Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

Stellar nucleosynthesis

Stellar and Supernova  nucleosynthesis

Published in: on October 10, 2017 at 8:47 am  Leave a Comment  

Nebula and nova observations – step 4

Content

My grandfather Willy talkes in his book in page 10-14  about our planetary system, sun and planets and the stars that are seen  and how they move. Click here to read the German pages 10-14 )

Nebulae and spectroscopy

In page 14 he begins to explain about the difference between star groups and nebulae and how they are recognized with special cameras, spectroscopic cameras (Spectograph). Google
History_of_spectroscopy to learn more about this technique, eg in
web.mit.edu/spectroscopy/history/history-classical.html

You may find valuable info in History of Astronomy

 (Source : Wiki)

The Spectroscope or Spectrophotometer or Spectrometer or Spectrograph, vintage engraved illustration. Magasin Pittoresque 1874.Telescope with a prisma near the ocular.

Willys books Nebulae

Willy  mention among others these nebulae:

he tells in page 15 that he is convinced  that these nebulosa are intermediate phases in the building  of the worlds.

The camera Willys mention looked like this

 

Here are some modern images of Willys mentioned nebulae

 

Andromeda nebula now know as a Galaxy. 

messier 27,m27,planetary nebula

Dumbell nebula
(Messier 27) 1,200 light-years distance, “it was first described by the French astronomer and comet hunter Charles Messier who found it in 1764” (source: www.constellation-guide.com/dumbbell-nebula-messier-27/ )

The Crab Nebula in TaurusCrab nebula in Taurus.
“observed with the FORS2 instrument in imaging mode in the morning of November 10, 1999. It is the remnant of a supernova explosion at a distance of about 6,000 light-years, observed almost 1,000 years ago, in the year 1054. It contains a neutron star near its centre that spins 30 times per second around its axis (see below).” ( Source:www.eso.org/public/images/eso9948f/  )

Omega nebula (Messier 17)  in Sagittarius.
( Source: http://earthsky.org/clusters-nebulae-galaxies/m17-is-the-omega-nebula )

The Omega nebula contains Hydrogen, Helium etc  according to  spectral lines seen in Spectographs. Willy mentions existence of Helium and Hydrogen as existing in nebula. Source: http://pages.uoregon.edu/jimbrau/astr122-2015/Notes/Chapter4_5.html#spec  )

M57 The Ring Nebula.JPG

  • Spiral nebula as in the Canis constellation
    They may have seen the spiral glaxies NGC 2207 or  IC 2163 or messier 101.

    “Canis Major is home to Sirius, the brightest star in the sky, as well as to several notable deep sky objects: the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, the open cluster Messier 41, the emission nebula NGC 2359 (also known as Thor’s Helmet), and the colliding spiral galaxies NGC 2207 and IC 2163.” (source:www.constellation-guide.com

canis major stars,canis major star map,sirius location,star chart

Canis major constellation

Ring nebula in Lyra. ( Source: Ring nebula M57 )

LyraLyra constellation

Messier objects in Sagittarius

(Sources:earthsky.org/clusters-nebulae-galaxies/m17-is-the-omega-nebula#science )

Appearing and dying stars.

Willy mentions several new star observations in page 15. I have found data about all his testimonials. Only his own observation in 2901 seems to have been exagerated maybe to fit into his theory of a world destruction. His book as he self told it is partly fiction and he deliberately left sources out to not annoy the reader with annoying facts.

Schmidt in Aten 1876 in the Cygnus 

“The star of 1876 (in the constellation of
Cygnus) had long been known and catalogued as a telescopic
star of the ninth magnitude, with nothing to distinguish it from
any of the common herd. On November 24th it suddenly shone
out as bright as the pole-star. Schmidt, of Athens, who discov-
ered it, had been observing that very region of the sky only four
days before, and no such object was then visible. The intervening
days were cloudy, so that we cannot tell precisely the hour when
it ?rst blazed up, but evidently its increase of brightness must
have been extremely rapid. Immediately after Schmidt’s obser-
vation it began to fade, but it was two weeks before it fell below
the sixth magnitude and became invisible to the naked eye, and
it was more than a year before it resumed its original faintness.
Its whole course was carefully watched with the spectroscope.
At ?rst, and for some months” (Source: babel.hathitrust.org/ )

Ward, Gully Hartwid 1885 in the Andromeda

He discovered a new star in M31 (the “Andromeda Nebula”) on 20 August 1885. This object was designated as supernova “S Andromedae“.  now called SN1885 (Source: www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Ernst%20Hartwig  )

SPACE PHOTOS THIS WEEK: Star Dunes, Comet Probe, MoreRemnants from SN 1885.
Photo of traces after the Supernova 1885
( Source: news.nationalgeographic.com  )

Dr Andersson in Edinburgh 1891 observation in the Auriga constellation in the Perseus 

“Nova T Aurigae 1891” as it is called today was discovered by “the watcher of the sky” Dr Andersson,  widely known far beyond the bounds of his native Scotland. Astronomers, professional and nonprofessional alike, and readers of popular and technical books on the science, knew of him as the discoverer of two famous temporary stars-Nova Aurigae (1892) and Nova Persei (1901)-and of many variable stars as well.” (Source:  http://www.astronomyedinburgh.org   )  It is a supernova in our Milky Way galaxy.

More about Nova T Aurigae in articles.adsabs.harvard.edu .

Auriga constellation: Source: http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Auriga_(constellation

Willy Kinberg 22/2 1901

As he describes the last observation in 1901, it sounds also like a supernova observation. probably it was “Nova Persei 1901”.

“We have imaged the ejecta of GK Persei (Nova Persei 1901 A.D.) with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), revealing hundreds of cometary-like structures.”   read more in https://arxiv.org/abs/1204.3078 There are many observations done in 1901 (See http://www.rochesterastronomy.org/sn2009 /

Image result for nova persei 1901

“A “new star” appeared in the constellation Perseus in 1901? and was observed by Professor Winslow Upton at ?Brown’s ?Ladd Observatory. Eleven year-old H.P. Lovecraft also saw the cosmic sight, which inspired him to include the nova in his weird tales of horror.

Source https://blogs.brown.edu/libnews/nova-persei/

This is an image from 22/2 I took from rochesterastronomy:

(Source: https://blogs.brown.edu/libnews/nova-persei/

Willy tells about other observation in the Sky that sounds like Auroras, polar lights or northern lights. Could have looked like in this photo

Image result

In The Mysterius comet I found this text about

May it have been a comet or its tail entering the atmosphere the same day? To be looked closer at.

The destruction of two colliding worlds

Willy discuss this observation as testimonial of the destruction of two worlds who colliding with each other created the light.

Nova Persei 1901 inspired  also H.P. Lovecraft

in his  short cosmic horror story, “Beyond the Wall of Sleep”, were ancient, multi-dimensional entities menace humankind” click to read the book

Lovecraft (1890-1937) was an amateur astronomer Source:  https://olinuris.library.cornell.edu/parallax/serviss/lovecraft

Arise of spiral nebula

Messier 51 looked like this in a photo

Source: articles.adsabs.harvard.edu

My grandfather Willy continues in  his book in page 22-24  to talk about his theories about the creation of Spiral “nebula”. Click here to read the German pages 21-29 ) . His theory is that two giant bodys, maybe planets collided while rotating in opposite directions. See image from his book below. I think it is an interesting and well thought explanation.  At the time of Willy they called these observations as  nebula observations. A big debate started short after 1906 about the origing of these. Today scrietists agre that the spiral nebula actually is a spiral galaxies. Read more about the debate.

For you who are interested in nebula I recommend this youtube video

Willys sources

It is obvious that Willy being an engineer is highly interested in astronomican news and well informed about these. To me reminded that he made his researches at the end of the 1900th century when there was no internet. I wonder how he kept himself informed. Maybe he had a good network of friends devoted students of astronomy active in the Universities in Europe.

 

 

Published in: on September 29, 2017 at 5:16 pm  Leave a Comment  

Mars – step 3

 

mars_1908.Willy analyzes the  maps from Giovanni-Virginio-Schiaparelli and like Schiaparelli argues that the Mars canali most probably have been built by humans. I read somewhere that the best binoculars at that time showed up lines on Mars because of light effects. Modern telescopes do not show these lines. The “canali”  had to be enormous. Willy discussed deeply the necessity of these walls to bring water from the poles to the equator and how these walls could have been built, builiding just the damns/walls. The story of Mars canals are discussed in www.popularmechanics.com 

1877 map of Mars by Giovanni Schiaparelli. Source: Wiki)

The map Schiaparelli and Willy uses are very similar to Proctors maps of Mars. proctors

Read about Proctors images and  the development of telescopes in news.nationalgeographic.com

Published in: on September 12, 2017 at 10:26 pm  Leave a Comment  
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Three questions – step 2

Three questions appear in the original book main page written in German:

de-title

  1. “How did the universe and humanity arise?”

  2. Did God create the World from nothing?

  3. Did the first humans, Adam and Eve have ancestors?

In the Swedish version there are no questions at all. Just the  title appears in page 1:

“The arise of the Universe and humanity”

I wonder why they omitted the questions in the Swedish book. The questions are not mentioned anymore in both versions as far  as I have read. I have only found the name of Adam and Eve in page 250 as you can see in the image below.

Willy is obviously trying to unite a Christian, Muslim, Hebraic creation view with a Scientific view making Adam and Eve belong to the Pithecanthropus hominids found 1891 in Java (17 years before the publication of the book in Freiburg) (Source: Oxford living dictionaries).

Adam and Eve

I digged deeper into this issue, looking with a pluralistic religious view at both the Christian and Muslim view of Adam and ended up with  a “Unified Creation Theory” that I link in the menu on the right column.

 

Published in: on September 10, 2017 at 1:13 am  Leave a Comment  

Introduction

“How was the world and human kind created?” is the title of a most ambitious book written by my grandfather Willy Kinberg about hundred years ago. It was published 1906 in German and later in Swedish in 1908. I have a Swedish and German translation dedicated by Willy to his parents.

Read about Willy Kinberg and his geneaology here.

Published in: on March 20, 2008 at 8:08 pm  Leave a Comment